Here is the second part in this series. For the first one check out this post.
The year 2014 was recognized as remarkable in regards to demonstrating that anything and everything which connects to the Internet will and can be hacked. Just about every day we are used to hearing the stories about large retailers such as Neiman Marcus, Home Depot and Target along with financial institutions such as Chase and the technology businesses such as Sony, eBay and Snapchat have been hacked. No entity or person is cyber-safe and the future holds the latest cybersecurity technologies that progress beyond the current based perimeter firewall defenses. The years to come are about significant changes as it will responsd to the latest advances in cyber attacks. In the future we can expect better solutions in order to protect our endpoints and devices and advancements in default uses of encryption, in BYOD solutions and authentication schemes.
There have been reports that the communication technologies are held responsible for around 2 to 4% of the carbon footprint that is generated by the human activities. What this means is that we should be aiming to manage these amounts and the way of Green Communications is handling this. These trends first tackle the mobile networks due to their extremely high-energy usage. The Base stations along with switching centers account for around 60 to 85% of energy utilized by the whole communication system. This includes renewable-energy sources, environmentally-friendly batteries and intelligence based management of power systems are a few proposed solutions. Over and above the focus on the mobile networks, there are future plans to manage the entire energy usage, performance KPIs and computer-to-consumption ratios in class-green operations.
Connected Sensors And Smarter Smartphone’s
The undeniable rock-start of the devices would have to be the Smartphone, and its future shines ever brighter. In the year 2014 after just a few days after the release of the iPhone 6, the articles were already released for the next-generation iPhone 7. The capabilities, shapes and sizes of these outstanding communication devices keep evolving along with their prices, which is driven by performance and cost improvements in regards to digital technologies. The selling prices of the Smartphone’s are down since 2014.
Internet Governance And Network Neutrality
Since inception the Internet has operated under what we know as “open” principles and open standards networks which treats all the traffic in a similar way. This meant no connection blocks, universal connectivity, bandwidth transparency and best efforts services. However, can these particular standards continue in the latest world of data-hungry services and applications? In the year 2014, NetNeutrality (Network Neutrality) discussions opened covering these questions in regards to ISPs peering and transit and CDNs.
These emerging paradigms whereby bio-nanomachines such as genetically-engineered cells and artificial cells communicate have been designed to perform specific coordinated actions. Not like the traditional based communication systems that use electronic waves, the molecular communications use biological molecules in the way of information and carriers. The benefits offered by the molecular approach for communications has to do with biostability, biocompatibility and size. These trends are not yet ready for the mass markets. However, the approach is regarded as so uniquely different to the communications of Today, following these developments is a definite must.