Breakthroughs In The Latest Tech Trends Part 2

Here is the second part in this series. For the first one check out this post.

Cybersecurity

The year 2014 was recognized as remarkable in regards to demonstrating that anything and everything which connects to the Internet will and can be hacked. Just about every day we are used to hearing the stories about large retailers such as Neiman Marcus, Home Depot and Target along with financial institutions such as Chase and the technology businesses such as Sony, eBay and Snapchat have been hacked. No entity or person is cyber-safe and the future holds the latest cybersecurity technologies that progress beyond the current based perimeter firewall defenses. The years to come are about significant changes as it will responsd to the latest advances in cyber attacks. In the future we can expect better solutions in order to protect our endpoints and devices and advancements in default uses of encryption, in BYOD solutions and authentication schemes.

Green Communications

There have been reports that the communication technologies are held responsible for around 2 to 4% of the carbon footprint that is generated by the human activities. What this means is that we should be aiming to manage these amounts and the way of Green Communications is handling this. These trends first tackle the mobile networks due to their extremely high-energy usage. The Base stations along with switching centers account for around 60 to 85% of energy utilized by the whole communication system. This includes renewable-energy sources, environmentally-friendly batteries and intelligence based management of power systems are a few proposed solutions. Over and above the focus on the mobile networks, there are future plans to manage the entire energy usage, performance KPIs and computer-to-consumption ratios in class-green operations.

Connected Sensors And Smarter Smartphone’s

The undeniable rock-start of the devices would have to be the Smartphone, and its future shines ever brighter. In the year 2014 after just a few days after the release of the iPhone 6, the articles were already released for the next-generation iPhone 7. The capabilities, shapes and sizes of these outstanding communication devices keep evolving along with their prices, which is driven by performance and cost improvements in regards to digital technologies. The selling prices of the Smartphone’s are down since 2014.

Internet Governance And Network Neutrality

Since inception the Internet has operated under what we know as “open” principles and open standards networks which treats all the traffic in a similar way. This meant no connection blocks, universal connectivity, bandwidth transparency and best efforts services. However, can these particular standards continue in the latest world of data-hungry services and applications? In the year 2014, NetNeutrality (Network Neutrality) discussions opened covering these questions in regards to ISPs peering and transit and CDNs.

Molecular Communications

These emerging paradigms whereby bio-nanomachines such as genetically-engineered cells and artificial cells communicate have been designed to perform specific coordinated actions. Not like the traditional based communication systems that use electronic waves, the molecular communications use biological molecules in the way of information and carriers. The benefits offered by the molecular approach for communications has to do with biostability, biocompatibility and size. These trends are not yet ready for the mass markets. However, the approach is regarded as so uniquely different to the communications of Today, following these developments is a definite must.

Breakthroughs In The Latest Tech Trends Part 1

Here is the first part in a two part blog series about the latest communication technology innovations.

5G

As the mobile industry continues to evolve with the latest innovations, the next is associated with 5G. This latest innovation is not just about faster speeds and new interfaces but will also be addressing reliability, energy efficiency, costs, network congestion and the connections to a few billion devices and people. In the year 2014, we started to hear about new RF technologies/antenna and MIMO, wider bandwidths with proposed deployment in regards to smaller cells in the higher mmWave frequencies along with reduced latency, a decrease in transmission time-intervals and possible newer modulation methods which would go beyond OFDM.

With the 2020 commercialization horizon, the year 2015 was the year that we moved from these particular concepts into standards development and technology trials. This is the year we will see how and if this year’s ITU World Radio Conference will tackle the 5G’s spectrum aspects.

Fiber Everywhere

The year 2014 was all about “fiber everywhere” which was propelled by the efforts involved in improving connectivity and to address the increase in demands in regards to the utilization of 3G, 4G, high-definition videos, podcast, streaming, along with various other type of broadband services. The exponential increases in these demands revealed the bottlenecks in communication infrastructures. The solutions were prescribed included more investments and the activities in fiber (FTTx). In the more developed markets, FTTC and FTTH dominated the deployments and have continued to well into 2015. In backbone networks, Carrier Ethernet has progressed and continues to make advances towards 100 and 400G, in the way of altering the hardware deployments and the Tb/s of bandwidth.

Virtualization NFV and SDN

Telco’s “software-ization” continued through the year 2014 and this was the year that experienced open source that went mainstream when Microsoft and Midokura the last of the 2 main players that featured close-source solutions releasing their source codes and going open. In the year 2015, adoption of OpNFV, OpenDaylight and OpenStack for services and software and the Open Compute dedicated to hardware is designed to support a more open source and virtualized network computing architecture and platforms.

Everywhere Connectivity For IoT and IoE

Over the past few years we have experienced increased interests in association to IoT (Internet of Things) and IoE (Internet of Everything) that included various acquisitions by the main players like Google’s purchases of Nest Labs for an astounding $3.2 billion. The Ethernet inventor, Bob Metcalfe states that the power of networks increase in a proportional way to the square amount of the users based on Metcalfe’s Law. This predicts the IoT to be around 50 billion connections by the year 2020 which puts it in a very strategic and powerful position. One of the challenges that IoT faces have to do with everything is sitting in isolation which means IoT standards are vital.

Big Data, Cognitive Networks

The communications systems are what the volumes of data that is generated by enterprises, mobile users, embedded devices, network protocols, contextual information and so on. This is an extensive information amount. The global IP backbone is what generates more than 20 billion records on a daily basis, that amounts to more than 1 TB every day. The analysis and processing of such “big data” and presenting the insights timely are starting to become a reality in regards to advanced analytics in understanding the environments, interpretation of events and then to act on these. These positive developments assists in unleashing intelligence within the communication systems and the networks now no longer are classified as “dumb pipes” but rather clever cognitive networks.