It’s long been known that communication is vital to a successful military operation. However, there are many challenges to getting it right. You’ll have to consider the case of “a bridge too far” in Arnhem to follow this.
However, it’s not just the military that has had their fair share of struggles with communication. In The King’s Cross Underground there was a fire in 1985 wherein 31 persons died. It may have been far less serious and catastrophic had they had the proper communications in place.
For decades, each new generation of radio systems had tried to overcome the typical issues of having enough bandwidth, enough range and plenty of frequency. The latest improvements were in 1995 and brought TETRA or Terrestrial Trunked Radio with them.
TETRA is digital and as a trunked mobile radio, it was developed by a European Telecommunications Standard Institute or ETSI that set a goal to meet the multiple levels of interoperability that was required in the development of the infrastructure of the radio terminal products.
TETRA was initially designed for the military and first utilized in 1997. Today, there are hundreds of TETRA systems throughout the nation and it’s a major innovation that readily represents over 150 organizations within 35 countries that were involved in the creation, development and the deployment of the TETRA system.
Many armies of many nationalities have utilized the development of such technology. This includes NASA as well as ARPA in the United States of American. The importance of the communication is consistent in all aspects of military operations. It’s also vital to police communication and emergency services as well.
The goal of TETRA was to meet all of the needs and requirements of traditional mobile radio such as public safety, transportation needs, government, military, utilities, public access mobile radio or PAMR, oil industries, gas utilities and commercial industry.
With the advent of digital communication and incompatible protocols, there have many many issues in the interoperability between various pieces of equipment. The standards of TETRA ensure that the air interfaces with the various network interfaces. They ensure that there are plenty of opportunities to interact within the system for all required communications regardless of the manufacturer.
Public safety is by and far the largest of the TETRA market that is working today. It involved both the nationwide networks as well as the operational autonomy and the interoperability with the services that are utilized during an emergency.
Asia is by and large the quickest growing TETRA market today and there’s huge growth in the European sectors as well.
The second largest growth spurt has been seen in the transportation industry. With mass rapid transport sytems and metropolis airports TETRA is on the cutting edge of technology and uses non-tactical operations as an application that is part of the functioning system. It stems from the requirement for constant communication and military as well as emergency services training.
How It All Functions
In order for it to all function and remain operable, there are specific points that TETRA must set as a standard for the industry. Supported by independent manufacturers it will allow the competition to show its sources and show the security and allow a greater selection of terminal products for user applications.
While still remaining competitive, TETRA must ensure that all of the manufacturers are also in collaboration for the benefits of the end user. They must also use the PMR and user organizations as TETRA sets the standard to develop the required needs of the PAMR operations.