Here is the first part in a two part blog series about the latest communication technology innovations.
As the mobile industry continues to evolve with the latest innovations, the next is associated with 5G. This latest innovation is not just about faster speeds and new interfaces but will also be addressing reliability, energy efficiency, costs, network congestion and the connections to a few billion devices and people. In the year 2014, we started to hear about new RF technologies/antenna and MIMO, wider bandwidths with proposed deployment in regards to smaller cells in the higher mmWave frequencies along with reduced latency, a decrease in transmission time-intervals and possible newer modulation methods which would go beyond OFDM.
With the 2020 commercialization horizon, the year 2015 was the year that we moved from these particular concepts into standards development and technology trials. This is the year we will see how and if this year’s ITU World Radio Conference will tackle the 5G’s spectrum aspects.
The year 2014 was all about “fiber everywhere” which was propelled by the efforts involved in improving connectivity and to address the increase in demands in regards to the utilization of 3G, 4G, high-definition videos, podcast, streaming, along with various other type of broadband services. The exponential increases in these demands revealed the bottlenecks in communication infrastructures. The solutions were prescribed included more investments and the activities in fiber (FTTx). In the more developed markets, FTTC and FTTH dominated the deployments and have continued to well into 2015. In backbone networks, Carrier Ethernet has progressed and continues to make advances towards 100 and 400G, in the way of altering the hardware deployments and the Tb/s of bandwidth.
Virtualization NFV and SDN
Telco’s “software-ization” continued through the year 2014 and this was the year that experienced open source that went mainstream when Microsoft and Midokura the last of the 2 main players that featured close-source solutions releasing their source codes and going open. In the year 2015, adoption of OpNFV, OpenDaylight and OpenStack for services and software and the Open Compute dedicated to hardware is designed to support a more open source and virtualized network computing architecture and platforms.
Everywhere Connectivity For IoT and IoE
Over the past few years we have experienced increased interests in association to IoT (Internet of Things) and IoE (Internet of Everything) that included various acquisitions by the main players like Google’s purchases of Nest Labs for an astounding $3.2 billion. The Ethernet inventor, Bob Metcalfe states that the power of networks increase in a proportional way to the square amount of the users based on Metcalfe’s Law. This predicts the IoT to be around 50 billion connections by the year 2020 which puts it in a very strategic and powerful position. One of the challenges that IoT faces have to do with everything is sitting in isolation which means IoT standards are vital.
Big Data, Cognitive Networks
The communications systems are what the volumes of data that is generated by enterprises, mobile users, embedded devices, network protocols, contextual information and so on. This is an extensive information amount. The global IP backbone is what generates more than 20 billion records on a daily basis, that amounts to more than 1 TB every day. The analysis and processing of such “big data” and presenting the insights timely are starting to become a reality in regards to advanced analytics in understanding the environments, interpretation of events and then to act on these. These positive developments assists in unleashing intelligence within the communication systems and the networks now no longer are classified as “dumb pipes” but rather clever cognitive networks.